Capture, dumping and decoding cdp and lldp packets

What port am I plugged into on a switch? or maybe what VLAN are you on?

the wireshark command below will tell you ( may need to wait 90 seconds) but the simplest way to dump and decode cdp and lldp packets is to use wireshark.
with the following capture filter:

tshark -i eth0 'multicast and (ether[12:2]=0x88cc or ether[20:2]=0x2000)'

Which will give you output like:

27.946203 00:1c:f6:a0:77:87 -> CDP/VTP/DTP/PAgP/UDLD CDP Device ID: Port ID: GigabitEthernet2/0/7
29.922084 00:1c:f6:a0:77:87 -> LLDP_Multicast LLDP Chassis Id = 00:1c:f6:a0:77:87 Port Id = Gi2/0/7 TTL = 120

the -V flag will give lots more.

or you can use the display filter in wireshark:

eth.type == 0x88cc or cdp.version == 2

if you want to get picky you can specify the destination address
lldp uses: 01:80:c2:00:00:0e while cdp uses 01:00:0c:cc:cc:cc
There are other tools like openlldp and cdp-tools which are written in C.